Third front can arise due to many reasons like Some political parties are neither happy with ruling party nor looking forward to go with the opposition. Sometimes allied members of ruling party don’t want to proceed further with current one but can’t join hands with the opposition and Sometimes they saw their own opportunity and equations to form the government. But in Indian political history, not much importance has been given to the third front. With BJP in power by winning a majority in 2014 election every other party is now desperate at a chance of leadership in 2019 election. Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrashekhar Rao recently proposed a non-Congress, non-BJP Third Front and this idea of divided opposition will clearly work as beneficial and advantageous to BJP. Also read, Will BJP Survive A United Opposition In Lok Sabha Elections 2019?
Today’s idea of the Third Front is rooted in the preservation of power and nothing else and there is a possibility that it might not stand in 2019 election. Over the last four years, Indian politics has become BJP vs rest and the idea behind the third front is rooted in the idea of keeping one party out which can be hazardous for Indian democracy as it for the people, not a mere personal fight of who will get the throne. There can be various reason for why the third front against BJP is doomed to fail:
1. It is an unappetizing scenario
The desire for the formation of regional parties’ front is because in past four years BJP has expanded its roots to regional areas where sole challenger was Congress. Non-Congress front in past has seen six prime ministers. All put together, such Fronts remained in power for more than 6 years but it gave 6 prime ministers which make the third front a pot of contradiction. Today it does not have a noble purpose
2. The idea of anti-BJP is a recipe for disaster
The opposition needs to understand the ideology and organizational preparedness of BJP.BJP’s success in 2014 election represents that times are changing; national ideology is reflecting that people want more and for this opposition needs to understand the reason and not gang up.
3. The third front has never worked in the past
The third front’ is mere posturing, and ultimately regional parties will gravitate towards an alliance led by the dominant national party. Even VP Singh’s (1989) United Front government had the backing of the BJP, while Chandrashekhar’s government was backed by the Congress. HD Deve Gowda and IK Gujral received outside support from the Congress. What we see in the past is just an extension of the idea of the third front but never its true form.
4. There are many prime ministerial candidates in such a front
The problems of a so-called ‘third front’ coalition of regional parties are not just restricted to the numbers; there are many prime ministerial candidates in such a front. Mamata Banerjee may have rushed to express solidarity with KCR but it is highly unlikely that she will accept the Telangana chief minister as the leader of this coalition and it is not just Mamata who nurtures such ambitions. This type of front lacks a cohesive agenda, a unitary ideology which will lead to failure.
5. It is not possible for all the parties to come together
SP and BSP were able to keep their differences aside and come together for UP by-poll election but for parties like Shiv Sena, TDP and SAD it is impossible to form a grouping.
6. The idea of the third front is a fantasy
Limitations are too many and lack of cohesion is not the only one. One of the biggest handicaps is the limited influence of each of the aspiring constituents. None of the non-Congress and non-BJP parties have a sizeable electoral presence in more than one state. Non-Congress and non-BJP parties have been consistently getting close to 50 percent votes in all Lok Sabha elections since 1996. However, because of their poor strike rate that is the number of seats won for every one percent of votes is close to 4, they fall short of crossing halfway mark on the number of seats won, making them dependent on either of the two big parties to form a government. Also read, Can BJP Win The General Elections 2019?
It has never happened in the past and India is not ready for a third front. Do not push an idea which when becomes real has 95% chance failing, which need crutches support. We need to work for the people not for our own personal ambition. According to Sharad Yadav, the economy is in bad shape following the sudden demonetization of high-value currency in November 2016 and the implementation of the Goods and Services Tax in July last year, and the constitutional provisions are regularly breached. It is for the first time in the country that a central government is running on the recovery made from fuel prices. We need a united opposition to fight the ruling BJP. Although the idea of the third front seems hazardous and impossible regional parties will play a huge role in 2019 Lok Sabha elections.